1838 - Benjamin Hellmann
1840 - Rohmell´s fabrikker
1841 - Ramsing & Stonor
1842 - Hans Andreas Reuter
1842 - Anne Marie Granberg
1843 - Hans Diderich Schmilau
1843 - Frederik Georg Kølbel
1843 - Carl Axel Hörner
1843 - Carl Peter Rolff
1843 - Christian Peter Beck
1843 - Christophersen og Nielsen
1843 - Johan Carl Müller
1844 - Svovlstikkefabrikken Møllegade
1844 - Arnold Theofilus Müllertz
1844 - Carl Ferdinand Gundorph

1844 - Hassing og Smith
1844 - Carl Frederik Kryger
1844 - Peter Conradsen
1844 - Philip Åkermann
1845 - Niels Thuesen
1846 - Niels Sørensen
1847 - Rasmus Rasmussen
1847 - Søren og Jørgen Brummer
1848 - Frederik Hansen
1850 - Greens fabrikker
1850 - Carl Johan Staal
1850 - Peder Andersen
1853 - Gümoes & Beeken
1853 - Johan Wilhelm Otto
1857 - Carl Abraham Metz
1858 - Anders Sørensen & Co.
1862 - Sørens Larsen Sørensen

1864 - Randers Tændstikfabrik
1864 - Rasmus Langeland Mathiesen
1864 - Hintz & Co
1864 - Ludvig Hintze
1865 - Aalborg Svovlstikkefabrik
1865 - Peter Nielsen
1865 - Hans Jørgensen Svovlstikkefabrik
1865 - Adolph Madsen
1865 - Andreas Bernhard Bryndum
1866 - Carl Meyling
1866 - Lund & Hartmann
1867 - Johan Wilhelm Krause
1868 - Peter Christian Petersen

1868 - Kjær & Gottlieb
1872 - Pallesen & Davidsen
1875 - Kronen og Nørrebros tændstikfabrik
1876 - H.E. Gosch & Co
1884 - Tændstikfabrikken Merkur
1886 - Maare Tændstikfabrik
1890 - Norden og Godthaabsvej

1897 - Københavns Tændstikfabrik
1899 - Internationalt Tændstikkompagni

1901 - Tændstikfabrikken Glødefri
1901 - Købmændenes Tændstikfabrik
1901 - Københavns Tændstikfabrik & Merkur
1904 - Hellerup Tændstikfabrik

1907 - Otto Miram
1908 - KET & Union Allumettière
1916 - Frantz Nehammer
1921 - Hellerup & Glødefri
Other factories

Data   Pictures   Labels
1914 - 1954
Havnegade 41, Copenhagen

Frantz Nehammer was really a wholesaler and should as such have been placed under wholesalers here on the website , but when his companies had a great influence on the development of the large factories at home and were trading center for these , we have chosen to include him in the factory section .

As Jonkopings main dealer in Denmark , L. Baagøe went bankrupt in 1914 and  Nehammer took over the representation of Jonkoping and Vulcan Tändstickfabrik . Baagøe had previously tried to make a price agreement with HE Gosch & Co, without success , but in 1915 the two companies entered into a price agreement without adjustment of production volumes .

Nehammer was also general agent for Förenade Svenska Tändstickfabrikker in 1916 and negotiated all the brands that at this time was included in this group .

As imports of Swedish matches to Denmark increased rapidly in the first years of the World War I and since the Swedish matches quickly was resold across the border , Gosch complained in 1917 to the Industry Council about unfair competition , which , unlike the Danish factories had restrictions to exports and at the same time  Gosch pointed out that the English could well believe that it was the Danes who broke the blockade .

Gosch laid the same year filed suit against Nehammer for breach of contract ( we know not more so) in which he denounced the cooperation agreement with Gosch .

During May 1917 it turned out later that the Swedish district-chief R. Häggløf had bought for 10,000 kroner shares in Gosch and in the months following additional shares for the forthcoming Swedish match king, Ivar Kreuger .

Almost simultaneously illuminated Jonkoping to Gosch 's director , Folmer Preisler that they had transferred all operations to Nehammer and Godthaab former director Oscar West announced Preisler , that the Swedes now had a majority stake in Glødefri and Hellerup and intended to make similar raids against Gosch , as they had already bought a large stake .

In the summer of 1918  limited company Tændstikkompagniet was formed, which aimed to fabricate and act with matches and recording collaboration with similar companies. In the board sat Nehammers former lawyer, Carl Vilhelm Skovgaard Ostenfeld and Hellerup Tændstikfabriks president , Rudolph Peter Nielsen, which of course had already been taken over by the Swedes. The share capital was 1 ½ million dollars with the possibility of increasing to 4 ½ million .

And the summer of 1918 was hectic , with Tændstikkompagniet contacting Gosch with the desire to take over the ENTIRE Gosch 's production, which Gosch flatly rejected because it would not be cut off from the switch to its more than 3000 customers. Since it was also aware that Tændstikkompagniet had acquired another large stake of 1 ½ million kroner in Gosch ,  Preisler contacted Ivar Kreuger to guarantee that the Swedes were not behind Tændstikkompagniet. Kreuger denied , although he announced that they had 10-year contracts with the company .

During the next 3 months parties fought almost constantly and Tændstikkompagniet put a lot of pressure on Gosch on takeover , at least of their EXPORT as well as a price and production agreement for the rest of the trade. Tændstikkompagniet threatened to extend Glødefri and Hellerup and build a new and larger factory . Preisler had several meetings with Ivar Kreuger , who claimed that the Swedes did not have a majority stake in Tændstikkompagniet and he acted as if he was a mediator between the parties. But then Kreugers tru side came up. In a 7 pages long and strong letter , he outlined the situation on the world market and then went to task Gosch and especially Preisler , which he believed had driven a very Swedish hostile propaganda in the press. Then  Kreuger went in due course of the Danish export opportunities and the Danish inflexibility because he believed that the Danes were unable to export, without cooperation with the Swedes. In the letter  Kreuger concluded that " If the Danish companies do not come to an understanding before the 1st of January next year, the Swedish factories would have  fully free hand in both the Danish home market and the export market and act like best is." .

Pushed by Kreuger Preisler tried to reopen negotiations with Tændstikkompagniet, but they were resistant and instead communicated the fact that they now had a large shareholding , they may request an extraordinary general meeting , where they would have a number of significant changes in the law and at the same time have 3 seats in Gosch 's board at the expense of 3 from Gosch . The fight went back and forth and the final result was that the Board would consist of 7 members , 4 of which were from the previous board. At the same time they made agreements on prices and output.

In April 1919 Gosch and Tændstikkompagniet made an agreements implying that Gosch got access to use the technical improvements and special machines , the Swedes may have, as well as similar access to raw materials . For this Gosch had to pay 30% of the net profit while they accepted not to sell to the other Nordic countries.

Less than a year after Tændstikkompagniet changed the name to Handelskompagniet Hafnia , still with Nehammer as president and now with a capital of 3 million. What no one knew at that time was that all shares , with a few exceptions belonged to the Kreuger controlled Svenska Tändstick Aktiebolaget , also called STAB . The two stocks that did not belong to STAB was listed to Ivar Kreuger and his closest associate, Littorin .

It was now obvious STAB , who controlled and it was agreed that all Swedish matchstick factories could produce 4.2 billion boxes, while Gosch had to fabricate 150 million boxes . That Gosch now was a part of Kreugers spider web, could be seen in that if Gosch received acceptance to produce more , the Dutch factories should have the same gain.

In October 1920  Nehammer had to leave the president seat as Ostenfeld and Rudolph Nielsen could not accept his autocratic practices , where he had taken a number of economic freedoms with regard to that it was in agreement with Kreuger , but this turned out not to be true . Instead  Alfred Jørgensen occurred as the new president and at the same time set up a sub- ompany , Tændstikfabrikkernes Salgscentral.

In 1924 the tabloid paper Ekstra Bladet had,  an article which raised the issue of the Danish matchstick factories were owned by the Swedish match-trust , but the article was never followed up and the theme disappeared for a time. But in 1928 , 10 years after it actually happened , it finally emerged that the Swedish world group with Ivar Kreuger in the lead had been co-owners of Gosch & Co. , as Preisler had come in Hafnias Board and Kreugers right hand, Krister Littorin and Hafnias president, Alfred Jorgensen had come in Gosch 's board. The next year the main competitors, were the Russian factories, who flocked the market with their dumped products .

In 1932 Ivar Kreuger died on the way home from the U.S. and this resulted in a turmoil in the financial world . The ensuing battle for the takeover of Kreugers world empire came to stand between the American Morgan family and the Swedish Wallenberg group. For a long time were negotiated with the U.S. International Match Coorporation (IMCO ) on the acquisition of Hafnia and thus the more than 1.6 million large shareholding , as they had in Gosch . The negotiations came as the American Hamilton Biggar Bole IMCO was elected to the board at Gosch at the general meeting in 1934. But shortly after it was announced that the Swedish STAB group, which is now owned by the Wallenberg group had bought shares in both Hafnia as Gosch and the other Danish matchstick factories. Gosch then took over Hafnia and the company Tændstikfabrikkernes Salgscentral , which was moved to the factory at Islands Brygge. Hafnia continued in the small trade in other goods and closed completely when Gosch & Co. and Hellerup & Glødefri was merged physically in 1960.