The swedish match history
It all started in Småland in southern Sweden.

In 1845  Johan Edvard Lundström and his younger brother, Carl Francis starteda match factory in Jönköping. They quickly bought a site close to the lake Vättern and built a factory which today , after the factory is moved , is adapted to the Swedish Match Museum.

At first, their production based on the Malmo emigrated Danish match manufacturer Andreas Rohmells methods, but the two brothers worked hard and Johan Edvard experimented with development of matches , especially in relation to the dangerous white phosphorous. At the World Exhibition in Paris in 1855 the could for the first time present the patented safety matches , which naturally received the medal.

The toxic white ( or yellow ) phosphorus had been replaced by the non- toxic red ( amorphous ) phosphorus , which was impregnated in the striking surface on the side of the box . The head of each stick was made ​​of ingredients that would create enough friction and combustion to ensure a stable flame. The matches could be ignited only if the match was striked on the separate striking surface and thus could no longer risk ignited by friction , for example in the pocket. It was therefore natural that the invention was called safety matches .
The plant grew explosively and engineer Lagermann began to invent and fabricate machines for mass production of safety matches . Jönköping quickly became known for its high quality and as a successfully result came a growing number of matchstick factories in Sweden. In Denmark , there were factories, such as Randers Match Factory , who based their production on the Swedish method .

In 1876 there were 38 factories in Sweden , which operated at the same time , and in total , there have been at least 121 different matchstick factories in Sweden.

In the aftermath , there was a series of mergers of factories :
In 1887, Swedish Match Company was formed consisting of:
Lovers Tändstickfabrik
Ystad Tändstickfabrik
Wexiö Tändstickfabrik
Frederik Dahl Tändstickfabrik and
Lindahls Tändstickfabrik

In 1903 formed Jönköping & Vulcans Tändsticksaktiebolag consisting of:
Jönköping Tändstickfabrik
Vulcans Tändstickfabrik
Jonkoping Westra Tändstickfabrik
Westerviks Tändstickfabrik
Uddevalla Tändsticksfabrik
Anne 's Tändstickfabrik
Wänerborgs Tändstickfabrik and
Junebro Tändstickfabrik

It was at this time especially the company Jönköping and Vulcan that Gosch factories worked with and Gosch 's director had plans would be part of a big international match syndicate , if he could not get Kalmar Tändstickfabrik in the cooperation.

In 1913 formed AB Förenade Svenska Tändstiksfabrikker consisting of:
Swedish Match Company
Kalmar Tändstickfabrik who had Kreuger familjen as owners
Mönsterås Tändstickfabrik
Sirius Tändstickfabrik
Södertälje Tändstickfabrik
Hvetlanda Tändstickfabrik and
Svenska AB Tändsticks

For some time there had been fierce competition between Jonkoping and Vulcan and AB Förenade Svenska Tändstickfabrikker and the Kreuger family with Ivar Kreuger as strategist quietly isolated its competitor by buying their suppliers and thus forced them " surrender " . A fight that happened while Gosch 's director Folmer Preisler tried to form his syndicate , but without knowing it had been overtaken by Kreuger .

In 1917 came as the inevitable merging of Svenska Tändsticks Aktiebolaget ( STAB ), consisting of the two companies Jonkoping & Vulcans Tändsticksaktiebolag and AB Förenade Svenska Tändsticksfabrikker .

STAB grew under Kreugers leadership to a huge group or matchstick trust, as it was called , with a monopoly on selling matches in 17 countries and factories throughout Europe and in 17 non-European countries .

After Kreugers death 12 March 1932, the factories was taken over by others, especially Americans, but a very large part was taken over by the Swedish Wallenberg family and today is still the leading manufacturer of matches in the world.

Before the sulphur match
The first sulphur match
Childrens labor
Womens fight for their rights
Work invironment
The laws
The swedish match industry
The match king, Ivar Kreuger
Was Ivar Kreuger assassinated?
H.C. Andersen and the matches
Drachmann and the matches