The first friction match
" The friction match " was invented in 1826 by pharmacist John Walker ( 1781-1859 ) from Stockton-on-Tees , England. Like so many other inventions, this came also to the world by accident, when he mixed potassium chlorate and antimony sulfide .

Walker named his invention after the English artillery officer Sir William Congreve (1772-1828) , not to be confused with the French chemist of the same name. Sir William Congreve was the inventor of the life-saving rocket and unfortunately also the terrible rockets that were used by the British bombardment of Copenhagen in 1807.

In H. E. Gosch & Co's centenary book of 1905 states that the first friction match was made ​​by Frenchman Congreve and was sold in Paris as early as 1825. Of correspondence between Gosch 's director Folmer Preisler and director Zettersten from Svenska Tändsticksaktiebolaget appears that it is wrong when the author of the Gosch centenary book, manager at Rosenborg Castle, Bering Lisberg states this. In a commentary Bering Lisberg (which again is wrong) remarks that Congreve invented the matches and he finally remarked to Folmer Preisler: "I wish a certain man had taken him before he made ​​his rockets, so it could even go with matches " .

By joint efforts uncover the Swedish director Zettersten and librarian Victor Madsen (as Preisler set to unravel the miss transferee) the true story of the invention of the first ironing connector.

According to Victor Madsen was used one in France in 1823 invented tinder box, called " Briquet á hydrogéne " or " briquet Fumade ", where phosphoric and sulfuric played the main role, using wooden sticks, which were set down in phosphorus and then dipped in the tinder box can and it was these and not the " Congreve matches " that were sold in Paris in 1825.

A transcript of his sales book describes that he the 7th of 7 April 1827 sold Box No. 30 containing 100 " friction lights " at the price of 1 / - . The box was sold to a Mr. John Hixon .

Walker never took a patent for his invention , as he considered it to be of any significance. He held , however the igniter composition as a secret , but later it was found by Faraday that it contained sulfurantimon , potassium chlorate , gum and starch. These sticks, which was prepared with phosphorous , could ignite when striking at sanded or powdered glass and paper.

Walker produced only friction lights in 160 boxes during the 3 years he produced them.

Many imitated John Walker friction lights , including Samuel Jones, who owned a store in London , which he aptly called " lighthouse " . In 1830 he sold the friction lights under the name Lucifers , which is Latin for the word light-carrier . Samuel Jones was the first who exploited the sale of sticks commercially and his Lucifers differed in no way from Walker's friction lights .

These sticks , however, had a number of problems - the flame was unstable and smell from the ignited Lucifers  was very unpleasant. But despite these problems , the new Lucifers caused a market increase in the number of smokers .

That same year - 1830 -  the Frenchman Charles Sauria developed Lucifer - too , since he replaced the antimonium with white phosphorus and the phosphorus matches, was , despite the fact that they were kept in airtight containers, quickly popular.

Lucifers lurch also had the problem that some of them exploded when ignited and sometimes they  also throwed sparks at a considerable distance . Thus, the boxes written the following warning:
" If possible , avoid inhale the gas that escapes combustion of the black composition. Persons whose lungs are fragile , should in no way use Lucifers ."
Before the sulphur match
The first sulphur match
Childrens labor
Womens fight for their rights
Work invironment
The laws
The swedish match industry
The match king, Ivar Kreuger
Was Ivar Kreuger assassinated?
H.C. Andersen and the matches
Drachmann and the matches